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UNIVERSITY STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE OF, AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS, HIV AND AIDS, HOMOSEXUALITY AND SEXUAL RISK BEHAVIOUR: A QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY IN TWO FINNISH UNIVERSITIES.
Korhonen T, Kylmä J, Houtsonen J, Välimäki M, Suominen T
* Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences, Finland.
Summary This study describes Finnish university students' knowledge and attitudes towards HIV and AIDS, homosexuality and sexual risk behaviour. Finnish-speaking students were randomly selected from all registered students at two universities in Finland (N=9715, n=950). The data were collected by using a modified version of the State University of New York at Buffalo School of Nursing AIDS Study Questionnaire on sexual risk behaviour developed by Held and Chng. The total response rate was 35% (n=333). The data were analysed using quantitative statistical methods. Normally distributed data were analysed by t-test and one-way ANOVA, with Bonferroni corrections. Non-normally distributed data were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by a post-hoc test. The majority of students were familiar with HIV and AIDS, including its mode of transmission. However, there were still some misconceptions concerning HIV and AIDS. The oldest students and women had a more positive attitude towards people living with HIV and AIDS (PLWHA). Of patients with HIV or AIDS, intravenous drug users were perceived most negatively. Male students had more homophobic attitudes. Students who reported that religion had an important role in their lives had significantly stricter attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour. Students' knowledge correlated positively with general attitudes towards HIV and AIDS. Knowledge about HIV and AIDS will lead to more positive attitudes towards HIV and AIDS as a disease, towards those infected as well as homosexual people. There is a need to focus on preventive health care and sexual health promotion by educating young people and changing their attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour.
Published 28 June 2012 in J Biosoc Sci.
Articles on Gay published 28 June 2012:
OBJECTIVE: Prescription drug misuse is an important public health problem in the U.S., particularly among adolescents and young adults. Few studies have examined factors contributing to initiation into prescription drug misuse, including sexual orientation and childhood abuse and neglect. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between initiation into the misuse of prescription drugs (opioids, tranquilizers, and stimulants), sexual identity, and individual and family ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
The purpose of the this study was to examine the perception of both generic and disease-specific quality of life (QoL) in adults with hearing impairment who are members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community. Eighty-three adults who self-identified as having hearing impairment and as being members of the LGBT community and 80 adults with hearing impairment who do not self-identify as being members of the LGBT community (comparison group) participated in this study. The ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
Resistin in idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Arthritis Res Ther, 14(3): R111.
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the serum levels and local expression of resistin in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies to controls, and to determine the relationship between resistin levels, inflammation and disease activity. METHODS: Serum resistin levels were determined in 42 patients with inflammatory myopathies and 27 healthy controls. The association among resistin levels, inflammation, global disease activity and muscle strength ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
Articles on Gay published 27 June 2012:
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) rates have been increasing significantly in recent years, despite a decreasing incidence of head and neck cancer in general. Oropharyngeal SCC has many characteristics that are distinct from other head and neck cancers, and thus it is important to focus specifically on cancers arising in this region, with the goal of improving patient outcomes. One important goal is to identify those patients who are likely to fail standard therapy and who ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
Molecular simulations elucidate electric field actuation in swollen liquid crystal elastomers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 109(26): 10193-8.
Swollen elastomer liquid crystals undergo significant deformations by application of an electric field perpendicular to their alignment axis, as shown in experiments by Urayama et al. [Urayama K, Honda S, Takigawa T (2006) Macromolecules 39:1943-1949]. Here we clarify this surprising effect at the molecular level using large-scale Monte Carlo simulations of an off-lattice model based on a soft Gay-Berne potential. We provide the internal change of molecular organization, as well as the key ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
Role-based sexual identities structure male same-sex partnerships and influence HIV/STI epidemiology among MSM in Latin America. We explored shifting relationships between sexual roles, identities and practices among MSM in Lima, Peru, and implications for HIV/STI prevention. Patterns of HIV/STI epidemiology reflected differential risks for transmission within role-based partnerships with relatively low prevalences of HIV, syphilis, and HSV-2 but higher prevalences of urethral ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
As HIV infection rates remain high among young gay and bisexual men, investigations into determinants of sexual risk are paramount. This study examined independent and interactive effects of substance use, mental health, perceived benefits of unprotected sex, and type of sex partner on odds of not using condoms. Analyses included 188 high-risk substance using HIV-negative and unknown status young gay and bisexual men (ages 18-29). Substance use and endorsing favorable attitudes towards ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
Articles on Gay published 26 June 2012:
Despite the known increase in substance use and risky sexual behaviors among young people during holiday periods, issues of sexual harassment (SH) and having sex against one's will (SAW) have not received adequate attention. We implemented a cross-sectional airport-based study to identify experience of SH and SAW in 6,502 British and German holidaymakers aged 16-35 years visiting tourist resorts in Southern Europe (Crete, Cyprus, Italy, Portugal, and Spain) in summer 2009. Across all ... [Abstract] [Full-text]
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